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Art and Science: Parallel Yet Converging Realities. The Importance of Technology in the Preservation of Art

Giovanna Bandini, Soprintendenza Speciale per i Beni Archeologici di Roma

There is prevalent preconception of a strong dichotomy between Science and Art. But if we take a closer look, there is no reason why this duality should exist. Actually, there has always been an interdependent relationship between Art and Science, but as of today, this tie has changed, because a part of what is commonly called science is in reality a technological application. Indeed, contemporary culture is not a culture of "ars" and of "scientia" (separate worlds), but rather a “techno-culture”, a hybrid in which diversity does not prevail over identity. But there is an area in which the convergence of these two apparently opposite worlds occurs, and this is the preservation and restoration of works of art. And this is where ‘techno-culture’ as well comes to the rescue of Art; in fact, positive results have been attained thanks to the collaboration between experts in physics, geologists, IT specialists, art historians, biologists, chemists, archaeologists, and restorers drawn together by the mutual intent to understand, safeguard, and conserve significant testimony of our Civilisation.